Young athletes: injury and prevention.


Young athletes: injury and prevention.

High-profile events like the Olympics bring hope is that at the top of the movement of witness and to celebrate the professional athletes, will inspire young people to be engaged in sports and sports activities, to help them build confidence, to live a more satisfying life, and ensure long-term by reducing diabetes, obesity, the onset of chronic diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases to reduce health risks.

Unfortunately, if they do not take appropriate action, young athletes may suffer from the avoidable sports injuries and go to unhealthy paths.

James r. Andrews, former chairman of the American academy of sports medicine (AOSSM), said in May that the number of sports youth in the United States had risen sharply. It is estimated that 3.5 million children under the age of 14 receive medical treatment for sports injuries, while high school athletes have two million more each year.

“This makes sports a major cause of youth injury,” Andrews said. With the extension of school and work time, these injuries can have a profound impact.

This article looks at the common injuries among young athletes. Then review a new project to track the athletes’ injuries, introduce some ideas about avoiding and minimizing harm, and complete a series of techniques to prevent injury to children.

Common sports injuries.

According to the part of the national institutes of health, the national institute of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases, the most common sports injury was caused by accident, improper training habits or using the wrong equipment or device. People can also hurt themselves because of their bad shape or lack of warm-up or comfort.

Experts say some injuries in the United States, they also see more and more young athletes because of excessive use and too many sports injuries, which may partly explain the eighth graders fewer and fewer sports. The most common sports injuries are:

Knee injury,

Sprain and strain,

Swollen muscles,

Achilles tendon injury,

Pain along the shin, and.

Fracture and dislocation.

Although the injuries of young athletes are similar to those affecting adults, they cannot always be treated in the same way because their bodies are not fully developed.

Take a knee injury.

Treatment of posterior cruciate ligament injury in the knee joint.

One type of knee injury is damage to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). This is a serious injury, most commonly occurring in players who play football and other contact sports.

Twenty years ago, doctors saw a small number of children or adolescents with ACL injuries. Today, these injuries are more common, as teens start to move earlier and become more competitive. Researchers from the special surgery hospital (HSS) in New York City.

Another reason for the increase in young people in acls is that a growing number of young athletes are focused on a sport that puts them at risk of injury, usually only seen in professional athletes.

But this type of adolescent knee joint injury is a special concern, because in the adult body repair is not easy, for example in the adult body functioning of ACL reconstruction surgery may result in uneven body length or other physical deformities. This is why often the best approach is “benign neglect”. However, clinicians are beginning to realize that inoperability can also lead to problems, such as early arthritis.

There is an alternative to traditional ACL reconstruction surgery, and the risk of injury in the body, such as epiphyseal ACL reconstruction (AE), is low, but this is not common.

Clinicians are calling for more research into young people’s sports injuries.

Injured back and neck.

Back and neck injuries are rare among young athletes, but when they do, they cause great frustration. Athletes must complete a comprehensive and demanding rehabilitation program before returning to competitive sports: in some cases, they may never return to their sport.

Most injuries to the back and neck are ligaments or muscle strains. In addition to trauma, these are usually due to excessive use of exercise, inappropriate physical mechanics and techniques, inappropriate or not comfortable enough. Athletes complain of back pain during activities and performances, and comfort during rest.

But occasionally, more serious conditions may have similar symptoms. Therefore, proper treatment of the back and neck injuries of young athletes should include a good evaluation of the physician and, if necessary, a radiographic examination.

According to the north American institute of vertebrates, severe back and neck injuries include:

Spondylolisthesis and spondylolisthesis: a particular type of defect in vertebrae (spondylolisthesis) and one vertebrae relative to another spondylolisthesis (spondylolisthesis). The common cause of back pain among young athletes, especially gymnasts, is that they have to twist and overstretch their spines.

Sting (also known as “burner” or “knead”) : force head backwards and compression of cervical spinal cord, or lateral force head left shoulder, neck and shoulder neural overstretching. Most often in soccer and wrestling, injuries are not reported, because symptoms can suddenly disappear quickly. If not treated, it can relapse and cause persistent pain or weakness in the arm.

Disc injuries: common causes of back pain in adult athletes, especially among young athletes, may be related or unrelated to sciatica (leg pain). Careful diagnosis, including mri scans, can help to eliminate other possible causes, mimicing the young body’s still-growing disc injuries.

Scheuermann’s disease or protrusion deformity after teenagers: young athletes in adolescence is another common cause of back pain in the back, rather than the small of the back, and leads to the deterioration of the back of the roundness when bend forward for dome shape. Exercise is not usually enough to correct the disease, and if it does not relieve the pain, it may require surgery, and the athlete is unlikely to recover.

Olympic research: injury and disease performance (IIPP)

Although injury and disease cannot be eliminated completely, risk reduction can be considered. This is an ambitious, comprehensive national sport study, called the injury and disease performance project (IIPP).

Beijing 2008 was the first time the ioc has collected a number of sports injury data. The British team had the best performance and the lowest average injury rate.

Soon after Beijing, the UK sports research and innovation team and the UK sports institute (EIS) established the country’s first nationwide epidemiological study of sports injuries and diseases.

The project, which began collecting and reviewing data in 2009, is still ongoing. Medical and coaches from the sports national governing body send detailed information about athletes’ injuries and illnesses, as well as their risks in training and competition.

Prior to implementing the new treatment, it is important to understand the nature of the disease and the incidence of injury, said Rod Jaques, director of medical services for EIS.

The study involved 14 Olympic events, each with its own set of rates of injury, disease incidence and associated risk factors. Each sport has a specific set of recommendations to reduce the risk of injury or disease.

The results of the injury related to the project show that since 2009:

British athletes were interrupted 67 percent by Olympic training because of injuries.

Forty-three percent of athletes will be injured at least once a season, and others several times.

On average, each injury caused 17 days of training loss and missed the game one time.

The injury rate and severity during training is lower than during the competition.

Overall, knee, shoulder, hip and lumbar injuries are the greatest risk and the most lost days.

The project is a powerful tool because you can look for an athlete and say, “last season you lost X days because of an injury,” said Kate Strachan, an EIS sports physician. It’s also important to make sure you have the best toolkits and training environments and coaches.

Another EIS sports physician, Paul Jackson, worked with athletes. He says information about the link between lower limb injuries and training loads has helped them change the injury prevention exercise. For some athletes, “it means not running or fencing on the same day,” he added.

The project represents a new approach to treating injuries and diseases as “performance threats,” says Debbie Palmer Green, a research scientist at EIS.

Prehab avoids recovery.

Prehab is short for rehabilitation and is a relatively new concept in sports medicine and treatment. This is a personalized exercise program designed for athletes to help them prevent injuries during sports.

The term (prehab another usage, refers to improve the health of patients before the surgery, so that they can recover more quickly, and can withstand surgery is usually not activities).


The preparatory program is becoming part of the routine training for athletes. Prehab aims to avoid injury by compensating for regular, daily repetitions of exercise and stress. In some ways, you can view the best performance of the sport, as a form of repetitive toil, may cause damage, like computer operator can get occupational injuries like carpal tunnel syndrome and shoulder problem.

With repeated use, the muscles become tense and the body develops unbalanced forces and muscle coordination. These activities naturally occur during the activity, but because the training is repetitive, each training will be repeated, unless the training includes some compensatory activities, such as in the early training.

In the training of the athletes common problem is that many athletes and coaches have to follow the traditional promotion methods, basic sprints and lifting weights, or to the specific development power in sports training. But that may make the core weaker. In this case, the preparatory plan will begin with the core stability, perhaps focusing on the hips, the abdomen and the core of the back.

Once the basic core plan is in place and begins to work, prehab updates, including more subtle and focused movements, to increase dynamic stability and improve motor skills.

To ensure prehab’s best chance of success, athletes should start practicing before the injury occurs. Unfortunately, the prehab route is usually through injury. A typical situation is that the athletes themselves are injured, go to a sports therapist or a rehabilitation specialist, and the therapist then persuade them to sign prehab to stop happening again.

Another way to keep training useful and to work for athletes is to ensure that athletes develop with the individual’s needs and changes in their ability to adapt. Exercises should be gradual and reassessed periodically. There is also an important challenge and the need to motivate athletes and prevent them from becoming bored, or getting used to the plan.

A successful training program is part of an athlete’s training routine. Therapists need to know more about the athletes’ sports, strengths and weaknesses, and be able to engage in candid and open dialogue with individuals.

Focus on your body’s imbalance.

Steve Smith (Stew Smith), the United States naval academy graduate, a former navy seals (SEAL), and some fitness and self-defense books author, advocate the prevention as a way to prevent common damage in everyday life and sports.

Specifically, he says, a prevention plan must focus on a person’s physical imbalance. There are many natural imbalances in the body:

“Basically, for any movement in your body,” Smith says, “there are two or more sets of muscles or joints stretching (or bending) to create (or oppose) the movement. ”

Most imbalances occur in the following areas of the body:

Belly/waist: there are too many people exercising, focusing on the abdominal muscles and ignoring the waist.

Chest and upper back/back shoulder: many young athletes try to “push the truck” but ignore their upper back and back deltoid muscles. This can lead to shoulder injuries and upper back tilt.

Thigh and hamstring: you need a very subtle combination of exercises, so don’t work behind your legs. Hamstring injuries usually occur in sprints or jumps, usually on the upper side of the hamstring. A smart recovery plan will include stretching, including the top and bottom of the hamstring connection.

Injury prevention techniques for young athletes.

The American academy of pediatrics recommends the following:

Rest time: take at least one day off each week to allow your body to recover.

Take a break: reduce your risk of injury during practice sessions and during matches and prevent high fever.

Use the right equipment: suitable for sports and physical fitness equipment, such as the neck, shoulder, elbow, chest, knees and shins, pad, and helmets, mouthpiece, masks, cup and/or glasses. And don’t assume that you can perform more dangerous and dangerous things in protective gear.

Women runners drink water.

Drinking regular liquids should be an important part of your exercise regime.

Drink more water: avoid hyperthermia before or after exercise or after exercise; Wearing light clothing also helps. When high temperature or high humidity, coaches and coaches should reduce or stop practicing or playing.

Build muscle strength: use fitness exercises before and during workouts to strengthen the muscles you use during matches.

Increased flexibility: by stretching before and after the game and practice.

Use appropriate techniques: coaches and coaches should reinforce this during the season.

Game safety: coaches and leaders react to head slides (such as baseball), spear (soccer) and body check (ice hockey) to impose strict rules and stop activities when there is any pain.

They also advise coaches and parents to consider the emotional stress of stress, which could lead to a young athlete and suggest that they adopt these principles:

“Young athletes should strive to, sports spirit and work hard to judge, they try hard and improve their skills, should be encouraged rather than because of losing the match, or be punished or criticism, the main goal should be to have fun and learn lifelong sports skills.


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