The Yili Basin is the most prosperous area in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. This is because it is located in the western part of the northern foot of the Tianshan Mountains. It is surrounded by the sky and has a relatively isolated small environment, forming a humid microclimate that is different from the extremely hot and dry features of Xinjiang. The Turks River Basin is the most important component of the Ili Basin. It is supplied by the Turks River and has vast grasslands, wetlands and farmland with an average annual rainfall of over 500 mm. This unique geographical and climatic condition not only makes it the most important livestock production base and granary in the Ili Basin, but also makes it a paradise for wild birds to stop and rest during long-distance migration. Around the village of Kudur is the distribution area of ??the crane.

The village of Kudur is located in the large environment – Zhaosu Basin, south of the main line of the Zhongtian Mountains – north of the northern half of the mountain, adjacent to the south of Wusun Mountain. In the middle of them, there is a glacier snow area, alpine meadows, mountains, low mountains, valley meadows and farmland wetland belt structure, which is a complete natural landscape area.

In the small environment of Qudur village, there is a vast farmland on the north bank of the tequx river, which can provide a rich source of food and food for the crane. The south bank has a vast wetland, which provides a rich source of animal food for the crane. The lush willows and shrubs along the banks of the river, as well as the cranes hide habitat. These natural conditions are that the pygmy cranes need a short break in the difficult journey south. After the wheat harvest in September each year, thousands of ethnic groups gather here to prepare for the crossing of the Tianshan Mountains. This season, it is also a paradise for photographers and birdwatchers.

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