Interested in the construction industry, you may come to Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, for a walk. Not only UNESCO’s monuments of ancient architecture, but also European-style retro buildings from the oil boom, simple matchbox buildings of the Soviet era and new buildings of modern civilization. The buildings of different styles are decorated with the largest capital city and have a multicultural mirror.

First of all, Icheri sheher is a typical old building, the oldest part of Baku, surrounded by ancient walls. In 2000, the ancient city of Baku, including the Shirvanshahs and Maiden towers, was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The ancient and medieval architecture of the city generally exists. The Maiden Tower was built in the 12th century and is said to be used to resist invasion. The Shilwansha Palace was the palace of the then ruler Shilwansha. There are more domes and spires in the building.

The second is the oil boom. In 1859, Baku became the administrative center of the Russian Empire, extending from the ancient city to the surrounding. Oil heat swept through Baku in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. From the 1870s to the beginning of the First World War, Azerbaijan produced half of the world’s oil. Baku was once known as “Caucasus Paris”. According to the Azerbaijani architect, the oil tycoon traveled to Europe for a business trip, where he saw beautiful Western architecture, admired it, and invited European architectural artists to bring European architecture to Baku. “We have money,” they told the architect. “But what we want is to integrate the architecture of Azerbaijan with the architecture of Europe.” As a result, many famous European architects left their masterpieces in Baku.


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